Skip to main content

Course Outline

An ORV may not be operated:

  • At a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and proper based on existing condi­tions.
  • To hunt, pursue, harass, or attempt to kill a wild or domesticated animal or bird.
  • While transporting a strung, uncased bow or an uncased or loaded firearm unless:
    • The firearm is a pistol (concealed or not) and…
    • The person transporting the pistol or carrying a loaded pistol has a Concealed Pistol License or is exempt from the license requirement.
  • In a manner that leaves behind litter or debris.
  • While transporting any passenger unless the vehicle has been designed by the manufacturer to carry passengers. Even while operating on the frozen surfaces of public waters, you may not carry passengers unless the ORV is designed for the number of people riding it.
  • While the operator is under a court suspension or revocation of ORV or automobile operating rights.

An ORV may not be operated on a public highway, street, or right-of-way, except:

  • To cross a public highway, not a limited access highway, at right angles if the operation can be done safely. The operator must bring the ORV to a complete stop before proceeding across a public highway and must yield the right-of-way to oncoming traffic.
  • For ORVs also registered as motor vehicles under the Michigan Vehicle Code.
  • In a special event held with a government permit.
  • On an approved and signed MDOT ORV Connector Route.
  • When a farmer, employee, or family member who is at least 16 years old needs to travel to or from the farmer’s residence, work location, or field.
    • If the ORV must travel on a road, it must be kept to the extreme right side and must not interfere with traffic.
    • The ORV may be on the road only during daylight hours (30 minutes after sunrise to 30 minutes before sunset) with normal visibility.
    • A reflective flag at least 12 inches high by 18 inches long must be attached to the ORV. The flag must be placed at least 8 feet above the surface of the road and at least 4 feet above the top of the ORV.

Local Ordinances

The state of Michigan, cities, towns, and villages may regulate ORV operation (including hours, trail temperature/condition restrictions, and times of the year) on ORV trails or routes by creating local laws.

  • The ordinances must be on file with the DNR.
  • ORVs may be operated on a roadway in accordance with a locally enacted ordinance.
  • ORV riders are encouraged to contact the appropriate local political subdivision to obtain ordinance specifics.
  • Unit 7 of 7
  • Topic 6 of 6
  • Page 2 of 6