About the Study Guide

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Over 90% of all presidentially declared disasters are weather-related. The National Weather Service has a number of programs to help communities prepare for weather emergencies.

Lightning seen in the distance of an ATV trail

Although you have no control over the weather, you can prepare for typical weather conditions that are likely to occur.

  • Precipitation: rain, cold, or sleet
  • Temperature: extreme heat or cold
  • Extreme weather: tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, heat waves, and others

Always prepare for your trip by studying the weather in advance. If extreme weather is forecast, reschedule your trip for another time.

If you live in an area where extreme weather events such as hurricanes and tornadoes take place, know when the “season” for these events occurs.

Check with the National Weather Service (NWS) website for information about weather planning and preparedness: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/

  • The NWS even may be able to send weather forecast updates to your cell phone in text messages, depending upon where you’re located.
  • Weather updates while on the road can help you avoid extreme weather events that develop.

Common Weather Dangers

Some of the most common and dangerous risks to off-road riders result from exposure to extreme weather. Learn to recognize the signs of these dangers, which include hypothermia, frostbite, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. It’s even more important, however, to prepare ahead of time to avoid such risks.