About the Study Guide

You are looking at a preview of what’s in the timed Michigan ORV Ed Course. Feel free to look around, but you’ll need to register to begin progress toward getting your Off Road Vehicle Safety Certificate.

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Youth learning to operate an ORV

Nationwide, statistics show that children under the age of 16 account for 30% of ORV accidents and fatalities. Several factors contribute to this risk.

Lack of Visual Adult Supervision
Physical Factors: A major cause of accidents among juvenile riders is riding a machine that’s too large for them to handle physically. Small children can’t maintain a proper riding position or control without increased risk of falling off or being thrown from the machine.

  • Leg Length: When a child stands on the footrests, the top inseam of the pants should be a minimum of three inches above the seat. This clearance is required to maintain balance when turning and riding over hills and rough terrain. While seated, the thigh should be roughly parallel to the ground.
  • Foot Length: A child should be able to reach the brake by rotating the foot on the footrest.
  • Arm Length: When seated on the machine, a child’s arms should be long enough to:
    • Turn the handlebars and maintain a firm grip.
    • Operate the throttle comfortably when the handle is rotated fully during a turn.
    • Operate the brake lever. The first joint of the index finger should extend beyond the brake lever when the child grips the handlebar.
  • Strength and Weight: In addition to reaching the controls, a child must have the strength to operate them properly. A child should be able to squeeze a brake lever firmly during an emergency. Also, the child should have the weight to keep from being thrown off the ORV on rough terrain.

Perceptual, Motor, and Maturity Factors: Children up to age 16 are at risk when operating ORVs because they:

  • Perceive distances to be greater than what they actually are.
  • Have a shorter attention span than adults.
  • React more slowly than adults.
  • Tend to believe that products purchased by their parents are safe.
  • Take more risks—particularly males—and perceive less danger in those risks than adults.
  • Get into trouble trying to imitate more complex maneuvers of parents or older friends.