In Massachusetts, the term off-highway vehicle (OHV), also known as a recreation vehicle, includes any motor vehicle designed or modified for use over unimproved terrain for recreation or pleasure while not being operated on a public way including, but not limited to, all-terrain vehicles, off-highway motorcycles, dirt bikes, recreation utility vehicles, and all registered motor vehicles.

  • Some Massachusetts laws apply to both recreation vehicles (OHVs) and snow vehicles (snowmobiles).
  • Some Massachusetts laws apply to recreation vehicles only or to snow vehicles only.

A “recreation vehicle” has wheels. Recreation vehicles include ATVs, ORVs, UTVs, 4x4s, mule-type vehicles, dirt bikes, and off-highway motorcycles.

According to Massachusetts law, "recreation vehicles" include:

  • All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs)—motorized recreational vehicles designed or modified for travel on four low-pressure tires that have a seat designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering control
  • Recreation Utility Vehicles (ORVs, UTVs, or Mule-Type Vehicles)—motorized flotation tire vehicles limited in engine displacement to less than 1,500 cubic centimeters and in total dry weight to not more than 1,800 pounds that have four or six low-pressure tires, a bench seat (not intended to be straddled by the operator), and a steering wheel for control
  • Dirt Bikes (Off-Highway Motorcycles)—lightweight motorcycles that are equipped with two in-line wheels and designed for operation on unpaved surfaces, dirt roads, and trails